Between october 16, 1941, and liberation on may 8, 1945, more than 155,000 jews passed through theresienstadt roughly 80 percent of them died – 35,440 perished in the ghetto and 88,000 were deported to be murdered fewer than 3,100 of these deportees are known to have survived more than 2,400 either escaped or were released by the germans in 1945.
Terezín is contained within the walls of the famed fortress theresienstadt, which was created by emperor joseph ii of austria in the late 18th century and named in honor of his mother, empress maria theresa by 1940 nazi germany had assigned the gestapo to turn terezín into a jewish ghetto and concentration camp.
The history of terezin terezin was a concentration camp 30 miles north of prague in the czech republic during the world war ii it was originally a holiday resort reserved for czech nobility. Theresienstadt is frequently referred to as the paradise ghetto, although this was never a name used by the nazis for most of its existence, the theresienstadt ghetto was called the jewish self administration or jüdische selbstverwaltung.
The small fortress was used as a prison for dangerous criminals terezin changed dramatically when the nazis renamed it theresienstadt and sent the first jewish transports there in november 1941 initial conditions the nazis sent approximately 1,300 jewish men on two transports to theresienstadt on november 24 and december 4, 1941 these workers made up the aufbaukommando (construction detail), later known in the camp as ak1 and ak2. Early history of theresienstadt bastion on southeast side of the old fortress, sudeten mountains in background theresienstadt, now known as terezin, is a tiny 18th-century walled town which is located on the main road that connects the german city of dresden with prague, the capital city of the czech republic. Theresienstadt: establishment related articles in early october 1941, the german ss and police decided to convert theresienstadt into a transit camp-ghetto in a secret meeting that included adolf the soldiers were transferred and the civilians were relocated on november 19, seidl ordered the leaders of the jewish religious community.
History of ghetto theresienstadt americans normally think of a ghetto as a section of a large city that is a rundown, dilapidated, rat-infested slum inhabited by one ethnic group that has been forced to live there because of discrimination or institutionalized racism.