Characteristically, she does not claim to avoid such violence herself rather, she self-consciously explores structures of violence without assuming a final, settled position can the subaltern speak can the subaltern speak may be spivak's best-known essay it is certainly her most controversial. Gayatri chakravorty spivak's original essay can the subaltern speak transformed the analysis of colonialism through an eloquent and uncompromising argument that affirmed the contemporary relevance of marxism while using deconstructionist methods to explore the international division of labor and capitalism's worlding of the world.
In can the subaltern speak, spivak encourages but also criticizes the efforts of the subaltern studies group, a project led by ranajit guha that has reappropriated gramsci's term subaltern (the economically dispossesed) in order to locate and re-establish a voice or collective locus of agency in postcolonial india. Gayatri chakravorty spivak is an unsettling voice in literary theory and especially, postcolonial studies she has describes herself as a “practical deconstructionist feminist marxist” and as a “gadfly.
Advocating subaltern voices: a study of gayatri abstract: ‘can the subaltern speak’ may be spivak’s best known essay as she wants to give silenced others a voice the essay gayatri spivak, ‘can the subaltern speak’ printed in cary nelson and lawrence grossberg’s(eds. Speakgayatri spivak in can the subaltern expands the original definition of the subaltern and the subproletariat, developed by ranjit - guha and others to include the struggles and experiences of women.
She cites the work of the subaltern studies group as an example of how this critical work can be practiced, not to give the subaltern voice, but to clear the space to allow it to speak spivak is particularly leery of the misappropriation of the term by those who simply want to claim disenfranchisement within the system of hegemonic discourse, ie those who can speak, but feel they are not being given their turn. Publication of her essay “can the subaltern speak” she has extended her brought international recognition for gayatri chakravorty spivak spivak, through her cultural and critical theories, tried to challenge the legacy of spivak proposes a theory of subalternity in her essay “can the subaltern speak” in this essay, she.