The us national civilian vulnerability to the deliberate use of biological and chemical agents has been highlighted by recognition of substantial biological weapons development programs and arsenals in foreign countries, attempts to acquire or possess biological agents by militants, and high-profile terrorist attacks. In the event of an all-out war, kim might be forced to use chemical and biological weapons simply because he lacks sufficient conventional power and does not have enough nuclear weapons to hit all. One aspect of an assessment—the threat posed by biological weapons—is especially challenging because of the unique character of these weapons a prime distinction is the fact that exposure to minute quantities of a biological agent may go unnoticed, yet ultimately be the cause of disease and death. What might an anthrax attack look like an anthrax attack could take many forms for example, it could be placed in letters and mailed, as was done in 2001, or it could be put into food or water anthrax also could be released into the air from a truck, building, or plane.
The tenth anniversary of the 9/11 attacks prompted reflections on the current status of the terrorism threat to the united states one aspect of an assessment—the threat posed by biological weapons—is especially challenging because of the unique character of these weapons. Biological warfare and chemical warfare overlap to an extent, as the use of toxins produced by some living organisms is considered under the provisions of both the biological weapons convention and the chemical weapons convention. Anthrax, terrorist use as a biological weapon brian hoyle during the past two decades, the potential use of biological weapons by terrorist groups has received a great deal of attention, particularly in the united states [1.
Modern times: biological warfare reached sophistication during the 1900s during world war i, the german army developed anthrax, glanders, cholera, and a wheat fungus specifically for use as biological weapons they allegedly spread plague in st petersburg, russia, infected mules with glanders in mesopotamia, and attempted to do the same with the horses of the french cavalry. Because of the increased threat of terrorism, the risk posed by various microorganisms as biological weapons needs to be evaluated and the historical development and use of biological agents better understood.
There is widespread consensus against the possession and use of biological weapons most countries are party to the biological and toxin weapon convention, but there is no way to know whether countries are complying with their commitments bioterrorism terrorist groups have already tried to use biological weapons. -tests on the anthrax strain used in the attack pointed to a domestic source, possibly from the biological weapons program -attacks shifted focus from concept of biosafety, unintentional or accidental impacts of agricultural and medical technologies to biodefense and biosecurity. The use of biological weapons is prohibited under customary international humanitarian law, as well as a variety of international treaties the use of biological agents in armed conflict is a war crime.
Anthrax and botulinum toxin initially were investigated for use as weapons sufficient quantities of botulinum toxin and anthrax were stockpiled by june 1944 to allow unlimited retaliation if the german forces first used biological agents. The biological weapons convention (1972) is an international treaty banning the use or stockpiling of bio-agents as of february 2015 there were 171 state signatories bio-agents are, however, widely studied for both defensive and general medical purposes under various biosafety levels and within biocontainment facilities throughout the world.
Anthrax has been used as a weapon around the world for nearly a century in 2001, powdered anthrax spores were deliberately put into letters that were mailed through the us postal system twenty-two people, including 12 mail handlers, got anthrax, and five of these 22 people died. The use of biological weapons has occurred sporadically for centuries, culminating in sophisticated research and testing programs run by several countries biological weapons proliferation is a serious problem that is increasing the probability of a serious bioterrorism incident.
Anthrax, terrorist use as a biological weapon during the past two decades, the potential use of biological weapons by terrorists has received a great deal of attention, particularly in the united states. Because of the increased threat of terrorism, the risk posed by various microorganisms as biological weapons needs to be evaluated and the historical development and use of biological agents better understood biological warfare agents may be more potent than conventional and chemical weapons. -tests on the anthrax strain used in the attack pointed to a domestic source, possibly from the biological weapons program princeton, new jersey and the attack in the usa -the anthrax letters are believed to have been mailed from princeton, new jersey.